The SKILL BASE courses provide content to help Early Start providers support development within specific developmental domains and for children with specific disability conditions.
Facilitating Adaptive Development
Topics covered in this course include: adaptive developmental milestones, assessment in the adaptive domain, indicators of common disabilities related to adaptive development, service planning to address needs in adaptive and self-care skills development, and evidence-based intervention strategies.
Course Content Week-by-Week
Week 1-2: Introduction to Adaptive Development and Self-Care Skills
- Explain the meaning of relevant terms, including “adaptive development” and “self-care skills.”
- Identify important family, environmental, and cultural factors that influence a young child’s adaptive development, including the role, values, expectations, and practices of the parent(s) that are unique to acquisition of self-care skills.
- Discuss how delays in development and different specific disabilities may influence a child’s adaptive development and self-care skills.
Week 3-4: Sleeping
- List typical amount, cycles, and stages of sleep in young children (birth-36 months) and the influence of early development on sleep patterns.
- Identify sleep concerns that require referral to relevant professionals and family-professional teaming.
- Explain intervention strategies and environmental factors (e.g., relationship-based, routines-based, proper positioning, adaptations, preferences) to support healthy sleep routines for young children.
Week 5-6: Feeding, Self-Feeding, and Oral-Motor Skills
- List the typical milestones of young children (birth to 36 months) in the development of drinking and eating skills.
- Identify feeding and eating concerns that require referral to relevant professionals (e.g., PT, OT, SLP) and family-professional teaming.
- Discuss the range of intervention strategies for families (e.g., relationship-based, routines-based, proper positioning, adaptations, preferences) as they support the development of eating skills during every day routines.
Week 7-8: Bathing, Using the Toilet, and Personal Hygiene
- List the typical milestones and readiness behaviors of young children (18 to 36 months) in the development of dressing, toileting and personal hygiene (e.g., bathing, washing hands, brushing teeth, blowing noses, covering coughs and sneezes).
- Identify dressing, toileting, and personal hygiene concerns that require referral to relevant professionals and family-professional teaming.
- Explain intervention strategies (e.g., relationship-based, routines-based, proper positioning, adaptations, preferences) that promote the development of dressing, toileting, and personal hygiene skills of young children.
Week 9-10: Bringing It All Together to Address Adaptive Development through Early Start
- Discuss the development of adaptive skills with parents during the assessment process in order to identify family concerns and explain assessment findings in family friendly language.
- Compose meaningful, functional child and family outcomes addressing concerns in the domain of adaptive development based on needs identified through family and developmental assessments.
- Describe strategies for providing services across disciplines in natural environments to address child and family outcomes addressing concerns in the domain of adaptive development.